Dermatitis: What It Is And Types

Dermatitis comprises inflammatory and itchy skin conditions, categorised by type, clinical manifestations, or predilection site. Though eczema and dermatitis are often used interchangeably, not all dermatitis is eczema. Recognising these distinctions is essential for effective diagnosis and treatment, emphasising the importance of awareness and care for individuals and families.

What Kinds Of Dermatitis Are There?

Exogenous dermatitis:

Exogenous dermatitis results from an insult or external factor that causes skin inflammation. Typical reasons include:

  • Patch testing is used to identify allergic contact dermatitis caused by an individual’s immune system becoming sensitised to an allergen, usually at a low concentration, such as nickel, hair dye, rubber, or perfumes.
  • Anyone exposed to an irritant at a high enough concentration for an extended period will develop irritant contact dermatitis. Common irritants include dust, soaps, detergents, organic solvents, degreasing agents, abrasives, desiccants, urine, and even water.
  • Photosensitive dermatitis: caused by exposure to light or ultraviolet light
  • Physical injuries like burns, abrasions, or surgery can cause post-traumatic dermatitis (e.g., autonomic denervation dermatitis)
  • dermatitis brought on by bacterial, fungal, or viral local skin infections, such as HTLV-1 disease and molluscum contagiosum
  • Drug-induced skin irritation.

Endogenous Dermatitis:

The cause of endogenous dermatitis is frequently unclear internal factors. Typical kinds consist of:

  • Atopic dermatitis is a common type of dermatitis affecting adults and children. It frequently runs in families with a history of hay fever and asthma.
  • Seborrhoeic dermatitis: a common chronic eczema that develops as a result of a skin reaction to yeasts colonising the skin, affecting the face, scalp, ears, and significant flexures
  • Coin-shaped patches of dermatitis that typically affect the limbs are called discoid (nummular) dermatitis.
  • Lichen simplex: a persistently scratched dermatitis that thickens
  • Pityriasis alba is a dermatitis that causes pale patches on the cheeks.
  • Even in a single person, internal, external, and allergic factors can all contribute to hand dermatitis.
  • Eyelid dermatitis: Again, frequently with multiple causes
  • Otitis externa is a dermatitis affecting the pinna and ear canal.
  • Children with glazed and fissured forefoot eczema are said to have juvenile plantar dermatitis.
  • In certain endocrine and nutritional disorders, metabolic dermatitis is observed.
  • Asteatotic dermatitis: Dermatitis with a crazy-paving shape caused by excessive washing and soap used on the legs in the elderly
  • Erythrodermic Dermatitis: a severe form of dermatitis affecting over 80% of the skin.

The information presented is not meant to be a substitute for medical advice. Any suggestions mentioned should be considered for general use only. For expert guidance on any health ailment or medical issue or any treatment/procedure, please consult a certified medical professional.

As we navigate the complexities of dermatitis and its diverse manifestations, it becomes evident that maintaining good health is paramount. Health insurance plans for families play a crucial role in providing financial support for medical treatments related to dermatitis.  Comprehensive health insurance plans for families and critical illness insurance can alleviate the financial burden associated with dermatitis management. *

Exploring dermatitis and its various forms underscores the significance of comprehensive health coverage, including critical illness insurance, to provide financial support for medical treatments.

Utilising tools such as health insurance premium calculator can assist in choosing the right coverage tailored to the specific needs of individuals and families, ensuring a safeguard against unexpected health challenges. In conclusion, understanding dermatitis and securing appropriate health insurance coverage is essential to overall well-being. Claims are subject to terms and conditions set forth under the health insurance policy. *

*Standard T&C Apply

Disclaimer: The content on this page is generic and shared only for informational and explanatory purposes. It is based on several secondary sources on the internet and is subject to changes. Please consult an expert before making any related decisions.

Insurance is the subject matter of solicitation. For more details on benefits, exclusions, limitations, terms, and conditions, please read the sales brochure/policy wording carefully before concluding a sale.

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